West and East German Hackers from a Comparative Perspective

This contribution focuses on the hacker cultures in the FRG and GDR in the 1980s. It calls for more comparative studies and shows that the narrative of technical backwardness of the Eastern Bloc does not cover the whole history of its computerization of the private sphere.

Beyond Encoding: A Critical Look at the Terminology of Text Graphics

The purpose of this text is to give a brief overview of ASCII, ANSI, PETSCII, Shift-JIS and Unicode art and how these concepts have been shaped by technology, culture and aesthetics, to discuss alternative categories for text graphics that can be relevant also in the future, when these character encodings have possibly been made obsolete.

Courting confusions — visual art and text

In what follows I am going to introduce and meditate upon three of the text related artworks—one a digital image, one a video and one a series of themed paintings—which I have been making over the past few years.